Fauquier (1703-1768) served as lieutenant governor of Virginia from 1758 until his death in 1768. He served during the terms of two absentee governors: John Campbell, 4th Earl of Loudoun, and Sir Jeffery Amherst. Largely via his friendship with the influential George Montagu-Dunk, 4th Earl of Halifax, Fauquier was offered the government role. He is known for steering Virginia through three difficult periods: Indian raids on the frontier, a compromise between colonials and English merchants regarding paper money, and the Stamp Act crisis. He occasionally disobeyed the orders of the Board of Trade and worked to balance the interests of the colonial elites and the English government. In 1756, he wrote An Essay on Ways and Means for Raising Money for the Support of the Present War, without Increasing the Public Debts. In it, he argued that the current taxation measures were insufficient to pay for an expensive Seven Years War. He proposed that the emphasis be on housing and not simply manufactured goods and the laboring classes. The second edition argued for a poll tax on estates and goods consumption.